An indicator is something the patient feels and explains while a clue is something that others like doctor or friends see in the patient. An example of a symptom is a patient reporting sleepiness while a sign would be someone noticing dilated pupils.
Drug addiction - when an individual is dependent on a substance, like a drug, nicotine or alcohol, he/she is unable to manage his/her use of that substance. Although the user may not know that there is a potential to get hurt, they will keep taking it, even though it can cause harm.
Substance reliance can bring about effective yearnings. The person addicted may be willing to stop taking it, but they are not able on their own.
The symptoms and signs of drug addiction differ according to the person, the drug they are dependent to, their genetics (family history) and personal situations.
The clues and indicators of addiction could be that:
Unsuccessful attempts at stopping - the person taking the substance, like nicotine, alcohol, or other drugs, has made at least on serious try at stopping and was unable to.
Withdrawal symptoms - when the body levels of that drug drop below a specific level, a patient experiences mood-related and physical symptoms. There are desires, episodes of grouchiness, awful temper, poor concentration, a sentiment being discouraged, purge, disappointment, outrage, severity and disdain.
The person's appetite may suddenly go high. Another common symptom of withdrawal is insomnia. In certain instances, the person may be constipated or suffer from diarrhoea. With a few substances, withdrawal can trigger viciousness, trembling, seizures, fantasies and sweats.
Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. A case in point is when a smoker will continue to smoke even with a diagnosis of lung or heart disease.
Social sacrifices happen as activities are given up because of the addiction. To give an example, an alcoholic might decline an invitation to spend a day on a boat or to go camping when no alcohol is at hand, a smoker might choose not to meet with friends in a pub/restaurant that prohibits smoking.
Keeping up a decent supply - individuals who are dependent on a substance will dependably ensure they have a good quantity of it, regardless of the possibility that they don't have much cash. To ensure that the substance is as abundant as possible, sacrifices may be made to the household's budget.
Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
Taking risks (2) - while affected by a few substances addict may take part in unsafe exercises, for example, fast driving.
Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
Pre-occupation - A user exhausts himself and his time working out ways of obtaining the drug and figuring out how to use it.
Serenely and isolation - much of the time the addict may take their substance alone and even in mystery.
Denial - most people suffering from addiction refuse to admit it. These addicts do not know (or deny to admit) that they in fact have an issue.
Excessive use - with certain addictions, like alcohol, a few substances and even nicotine, the person uses it excessively. The results of over-indulgence could be memory loss or physiological issues like respiratory infections or a chronic cough as experienced by chain smokers.
Giving up activities and pastimes - as the dependency advances, the person might no longer do things he/she really liked. Chain smokers might not be strong anymore to participate in sports they once enjoyed.
Having stashes - hiding some portions of the abused substance in the car or some place in the house may become the case for some persons.
Consuming a dose that is initially larger - this is typical with alcoholism. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
Breaking the law - Some drugs and alcohol (not tobacco) are known to cause people to do things against the law when under their influence. The fact that this alters their judgment and makes them to choose things they would rather not choose in times of sobriety or the urge to access such substances may be the cause of this.
Financial issues - when the substance is not cheap, the addict might give up a lot to ensure his/her supply is stable. In some countries, even cigarettes are very expensive, like in the UK, UK, and parts of Europe where someone who smokes two packs a day will spend '660 per month, nearly '8,000 per year.
Relationship troubles - drug and alcohol addictions can cause a lot of relationship problems.
Certain alcohol or substance abusers who aren't technically addicted might also be affected by or cause a few of the above-mentioned descriptions, though these abusers don't generally experience the withdrawal symptoms of addicts or the exact same obsession to use the substance.