That chronic health condition where people cannot control the way they search for and make use of drugs irrespective of the fact that this can damage their health and alter their mental state forever is called Drug addiction. These alterations in the brain can cause dangerous behaviour in a person who uses drugs. It's also easy to relapse back into drug addiction. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
Drug dependency grows from a deliberate choice to take a substance. With time, the user is unable to stop voluntarily the need to use the drug. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. The major cause of this it how long term drug exposure alters brain activity. Dependency affects regions of the brain that are involved in learning and memory; motivation and reward; and command over behaviour.
The workings of the human brain, coupled with human behaviour are altered by addiction.
Is There Treatment For Drug Dependency?
It could, but through a complicated process. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. For most patients, long term often repeated care is needed to help them stop using and continue on to get their lives back.
Dependency treatment must assist the individual to achieve the following:
stop using the substances
achieve more productivity in the society in general and in the family and workplace in particular
Essentials Of Successful Treatment
These principles must be involved, if any efficient treatment program must be arrived at, as opined by several scientific researches since mid-1970s:
Dependency is an intricate, but treatable illness which affects the functioning of the brain and behaviour.
No exclusive treatment is correct for everybody.
Individuals need fast access to treatment.
Viable treatment addresses the greater part of the patient's needs, not only his or her drug intake.
Adhering to treatment sufficiently long is critical.
The most common forms of treatment are behaviour therapies like counselling.
Behavioural therapies are often combined with medications, which are another important aspect of therapy.
A treatment plan must be evaluated frequently and adapted to suit the changing requirements of the patient.
Treatment ought to address other conceivable mental problems.
The first step during treatment involves detoxification that is overseen by medical personnel.
Involuntary treatment for addiction can also be effective.
Substance use during treatment should be observed constantly.
A treatment programme must test a patient for hepatitis B and C, TB, HIV/AIDS and other infectious illnesses and educate the patient about things he/she can do to reduce his/her risk of these diseases.
How Drug Dependency Is Treated?
There are several steps to effective treatment:
Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
Medicine (for opioid, tobacco, or liquor enslavement)
evaluation and treatment for mental health issues like anxiety and depression that co-occur with addiction
Avoiding relapse by providing long term follow up care
A variety of care with a customised treatment programme and follow-up options can be key to being successful.
Depending on the level of need, mental health services should be added to the medical aspect of any treatment. Follow-up care may comprise group or family-based recuperation supportive networks.
How Are Meds Utilised As A Part Of Drug Compulsion Treatment?
The treatment of co-occurring health issues, avoidance of relapse and amelioration of the withdrawal symptoms are some of the cases where medications are needed.
Withdrawal During rehab, taking some prescription drugs assists in reducing withdrawal reactions. Detoxification is just the very first step in the process and not "treatment" in itself. A patient who does not get any additional treatment after completing a detox generally continue their substance use. One research of treatment centres found that drugs were utilized as a part of just about 80 percent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Preventing Relapse Medicines used in the detoxing programme help the brain to restore to its normal functions easier and stop the desire for the drug. There are medications for the treatment of addictions to alcohol, tobacco/nicotine, and opioids, such as heroin or prescription pain pills. Scientists are busy to develop other medications to treat cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (methamphetamine and cocaine) dependency. Users of multi drugs to fully recover must be treated for each one.
How Drug Addiction Is Treated Using Behavioural Therapies
Behavioural therapies assist a patient to:
change his/her behaviour and attitude related to the substance use
increase wholesome life skills
Endure with different types of treatment, for example, medication
The settings upon which patents can access their treatments and the approaches used varies.
Outpatient behavioural treatment incorporates a wide assortment of projects for patients who visit a behavioural health counsellor on a fixed schedule. Individual and group therapy, or a combination of both are involved in most treatment programs.
These projects normally offer types of behavioural treatment, for example,
cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
multidimensional family therapy - designed for teenagers suffering drug addiction and their relatives - which considers several factors that contribute to their drug addiction, with the intention of affecting the functioning of the family in a positive manner
Motivational interviewing has been used to prepare a patient to accept their problem and wants to change their actions by seeking help
motivational incentives (contingency management), where abstinence from drugs is rewarded and motivated with positive reinforcements
Initially, a patient will receive many hours of treatment and will have to frequently attend clinical sessions if they opted for the outpatient therapies. After the completion of the in-depth treatment, a patient moves to frequent outpatient treatment, which does not meet as regularly and for fewer hours every week to assist with maintaining his/her recovery.
For people with problems of high severity (plus co-occurring disorders), residential or inpatient programs will have better effects. A licensed inpatient treatment centre provides round-the-clock, structured and comprehensive care, that includes safe accommodation as well as medical attention. At the inpatient rehab centres, various treatment procedures are employed all for the benefit of the patient to help them attain a drug-free life void of crime.
The following are some examples of residential treatment settings are:
Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. The whole group, including treatment staff and those in recuperation, approach as key specialists of progress, affecting the patient's states of mind, comprehension and practices related with drug utilisation.
Shorter-term inpatient treatment that usually concentrates on detoxification and offering initial in-depth counselling and preparation for treatment in community-based environments.
There are also recovery housing services aimed at giving a patient a place to stay in the short term as they recuperate from treatment in other establishments. Recovery housing is a great way to help people treatment go back to having an independent life while still having support with things like managing finances, finding employment, and locating support services.
Difficulties Of Re-Passage
Habitual intake of drugs alters the normal functions of the brain, and various things can cause one to have a burning desire to take the drugs. Those undergoing treatment, especially in prison or inpatient facilities will find it very useful, as they will understand the best way to handle and overcome the triggers that will face them after recovery.